RAN - GRK
‘The National Center of National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas reduction’ (Sekretariat RAN-GRK) has been established to improve the accessibility of information and technical assistance related to RAN-GRK.
FINALISATION OF RAD-GRK DEVELOPMENT
SENSA Hotel, Bandung 10-14 September 2012
Muchamad Muchtar (CCPL Monitoring team)
and the Secretariat members
As mandated by Presidential Regulation No. 61/2011 concerning National Action Plan on GHG emission reduction (RAN-GRK), every province is expected to finalised its local action plan by September 2012 which will be regulated under Governor Regulation. Following a series of meetings and workshops, provinces show substantial progress during their processes.
Based on the latest monitoring and evaluation (MONEV) held in Bogor on 29-31 August 2012, eight provinces including have sent their drafts. National Team on climate change consisting working groups on related sectors reviewed the drafts and prepared some feedbacks, in particular on coherence between chapters. Progress of other provinces, however, differs, and some more assistance is necessary.
BAPPENAS and Secretariat for RAN/RAD-GRK conducted a follow-up workshop to monitor latest status of provinces, and identify necessary assistance to finalise the RAD-GRK. The workshop, namely ‘Finalisation of RAD-GRK development’, took place in Bandung from September 10 to 14, 2012.
B. WORKSHOP OVERVIEW
The workshop attended by about 160 representatives from provinces for each related sectors, trainers from climate change national team of related line ministries, research institutes and development partners. Thirty provinces participated excluding Bangka Belitung, Gorontalo, and North Maluku, represented by representatives from Provincial offices of Bappeda, the Environment (BLHD), Forestry (Dinas Kehutanan), Agriculture (Dinas Pertanian), Mineral and Energy (Dinas ESDM), Industry (Dinas Perindustrian), Transportation (Dinas Perhubungan), and experts of local universities who support the provinces (North and South Sumatera, East Kalimantan, West Kalimantan and West Papua).
Trainers and reviewers from line ministries including ministries of forestry, the environment, agriculture, energy and mineral resources, transportation, industry, public work, together with research institutions from UNSRI, CCROM-IPB, and ICRAF supported the workshop. BAPPENAS and Ministry of Home Affairs coordinated this workshop with supports from JICA, GIZ, AusAid, EU-MRV-CB, ICED-USAID, and ICCTF.
Welcoming address delivered by BAPPENAS (Ibu Wahyuningsih Darajati), who define the objective of the workshop and current status of provinces. The participants were then distributed to three groups of sectors for the introduction and schedule. Later on, Deputy Minister of BAPPENAS for Natural Resources and Environment affairs and MOHA’s Director General of Local Development officially opened the workshop.
Ibu Dr. Endah Murniningtyas of BAPPENAS emphasised:
- status of provinces as of last MONEV held in Bogor that 8 provinces have advance progress, but some provinces still find it difficult to calculate BAU baseline and compose planned mitigation actions;
- of the 8 advance provinces’ review, planned mitigation actions that will significantly reduce the GHG emission were not yet clearly defined. Ibu Endah suggested province to 1) identify actions in RPJMD and Strategic Plan of local government units (SKPD), and synchronise these with the RPJMN, which are budgeted, manageable, and monitor-able; 2) prepare actions that have real impacts to public, such as reforestation and biogas development.
- During the MONEV, the National Team suggested setting three minimum indicators of chapters to be achieved by provinces by early September, including 1) chapter 2.3 on GHG emission sources/history, 2) 4.1 on GHG emission baseline development, and 3) 4.2 on proposing mitigation actions and estimating emission reduction projection.
- Ibu Endah expected output of this workshop is that province could prepare final draft of RAD-GRK document up to chapter 7, and synchronise it with RAN-GRK.
Following the ceremony, Ibu Endah cordially invited representatives of the provinces including North and South Sumatra, Jambi, West and Central Java, DKI Jakarta, DI Yogyakarta, West Kalimantan, and East Kalimantan for further coordination. She expected that those provinces would be prioritised for finalisation with their specific and unique mitigation actions to the condition of province, which are manageable, budget-able and monitor-able. For instance, tourism area management on waste such as in Yogyakarta (Malioboro street) and Bali (Kuta beach) could be selected as the example actions. These prioritised provinces would be presented in the annual DNPI meeting as local government contribution showcases in reducing GHG emission. For that purpose, Ibu Endah expected the province to finalise governor regulation by the 3rd week of September 2012.
Day 2, Day 3 and Day 4
Participants were distributed in three sectors. For each sector, provinces were divided to two classes namely advanced and provinces necessary to be assisted based on their achievements on the minimum required chapters. Land-based and energy sectors were attended by 60 participants respectively, while waste sector attended by 30 participants.
Target of Day 2 and 3 was to do inventory of data availability of provinces, chapter writing status, and revisiting methodology and tools. During the workshop, it was expected that province could identify and calculate GHG historical emission (chapter 2.3), projection of BAU baseline emission (chapter 4.1), and projection of emission reduction by mitigation action scenario (chapter 4.2).
The participants generally understood baseline calculation by using either factual data or assumption data, and mitigation options. For land-based, agriculture and peatland started to be included in the calculation.
For agriculture and animal farms, there are not many options for mitigation actions due to competition with national food security programme and the absence of emission factor (for instance alternative for changing food composition to reduce enteric emission).
Mitigation action options in agriculture could include: 1) efficient use of N fertiliser in intensified crops and rice fields, 2) management of water system in rice field such as SRI, 3) efficient use of organic fertiliser, 4) select low methane emission rice variety with a higher potential yield than the existing varieties. For peatland could include 1) avoid land extension for agriculture in peatlands, 2) if not possible, use of idle peatland is unavoidable, 3) minimise drainage depth-level.
Summary of methodology and data sources of each sector:
Workshop was closed by the presentation of DKI Jakarta and South Sumatra, discussion and wrapped up by BAPPENAS.
C. PROVINCIAL STATUS
1) Institutional arrangement status
- To develop RAD-GRK, coordination team and working groups on three main sectors that involves provincial government unit (SKPD) are required. During the workshop, twenty-nine provinces have reported finalizing their institutional structure and legalised under Governor Regulation, excluding Jambi, Central Kalimantan, Southeast Sulawesi, and North Maluku, which are not reported yet. Despite finalizing the document, DKI Jakarta has not been legalized the working group. BAPPENAS suggested to proceed it for the implementation stage.
- For the legalization of RAD-GRK document, nine provinces have prepared their final drafts, and proceed their legalisation process. Provinces that have issued their Governor Regulation for the legalization of RAD-GRK are Jambi (August 10, 2012), Central Jawa (September 10, 2012), and DI Yogyakarta (September 11, 2012). While North and South Sumatera, Kepulauan Riau, East Kalimantan, DKI Jakarta, and East Java are preparing it.
2) Status of province after workshop
Minimum target set for this workshop was that province finalized BAU baseline calculation and planned mitigation action and projected its emission reduction. Generally, participants succeeded to develop their BAU baseline calculation. For mitigation action part, participants are understand to define it and from where the data source belong, but further confirmation and synchronise are needed.
Following provinces have finalised their BAU baseline calculation:
a) Land-based sector (forestry, agriculture, peatland)
1) North Sumatera, 2) West Sumatera, 3) South Sumatera, 4) Kepulauan Riau, 5) Bengkulu, 6) Lampung,
7) West Java, 8) Central Java, 9) DI Yogyakarta, 10) East Java, 11) Bali,
12) East Kalimantan, 13) West Kalimantan, 14) Central Kalimantan, 15) South Kalimantan, 16) Central Sulawesi, 17) West Sulawesi, 18) Southeast Sulawesi, 19) West Papua,
b) Energy sector (energy, transportation, and industry)
1) North Sumatera, 2) West Sumatera, 3) South Sumatera, 4) Kepulauan Riau, 5) Bengkulu,
6) DKI Jakarta, 7) Central Java, 8) DI Yogyakarta, 9) East Java,
10) East Kalimantan, 11) West Kalimantan, 12) Central Sulawesi
c) Waste sector
1) North Sumatera, 2) South Sumatera, 3) Kepulauan Riau,
4) DKI Jakarta, 5) Central Java, 6) DI Yogyakarta, 7) East Java,
8) East Kalimantan, 9) West Kalimantan, 10) North Sulawesi, 11) SouthSulawesi, 12) Southeast Sulawesi, 13) Papua
Complete status is presented in Appendix I.
Of the 33 provinces, 9 provinces have been identified as advance by the time they submitted their drafts to the RAN-GRK Secretariat, and being reviewed by the National Team. While the rests still need intensified assistance from the Secretariat. The challenges, among others, are:
- Workshop participant dynamics, change of representative who attend the workshops. There were a number of persons who were new to the workshop, or even new appointed in its position, causing trainers should reintroduce the methodology and tool used, resulting hindrance of development processes.
- Lack of database and data coordination among SKPDs. Data are scattered and differing between the existing sources in national and provincial level, causing some province still used assumption data in the calculation. The national working group suggested to use national BPS data for data in conflict;
- Data dynamics. In the case of Yogyakarta, some city/districts have a negative population growth caused by regional extension/splitting city/district, and possible migration data unrecorded; seasonal migrating population especially in tourism and education city/district;
- For waste sector, participant need step-by-step manual for using excel sheet;
- Planned mitigation action should be initially coordinated and synchronized with related SKPDs taking into account RPJMD/RENSTRA/DIPDA (list of projects) and other supporting documents. It also concerns the tasks and budget allocation of central or local government, in particular those in RPJMN;
- Possible ‘displacement of activities or leakage’ of activities of bordering province such as DKI Jakarta which dump their waste to Bantar gebang landfill in Banten province;
- Some provinces feel uncertainty about budget allocation for planned mitigation action along the development processes;
- Technical approaches in developing CO2-e emission should mention calculation method, data assumption and source in the submitted text to ease the reviewing process;
E. FOLLOW UP
- Provincial working groups on RAD-GRK is expected to fully concentrate to finalised the document by identifying activities that have been allocated in APBN (State Budget through Deconcentration Fund) and APBD (local budget), which are being planned actions/matrix in the RAD-GRK.
- Related ministries/agencies (K/L) should identify central government activities being executed by provincial government and financed by Deconcentration Fund, and identify activities executed by K/L in national level. These division of activities will be used as a basis for MONEV system by K/L. MONEV system is expected to be simple and easily ;
- RAD-GRK should be synchronised with relevant planning documents both in national and local level including RPJMN, RPJMD, SKPDs RENSTRA, State Budget and Local Budget, national initiatives such as MDGs, MP3EI on economy, MP3KI on poverty alleviation, and particular priorities on local development acceleration.
- Central government just disbursed the Deconcentration Fund on early September that could be used for accelerating the finalisation of RAD-GRK document;
- The Secretariat will further monitor the provincial progress and provide assistance when necessary. Considering differing status of province, special attention should be given to prioritised or advanced provinces to finalise their document and legalisation. BAPPENAS expects that 9-15 provinces could finalise their documents by the 3rd – 4th week of September. Those that had been legalised under Governor Regulation could be submitted to Minister of PPN/BAPPENAS and Minister of Home Affairs and planned to be launched on early October 2012 in Jakarta;
- After the finalisation of RAD-GRK, annual roadmap on GHG emission reduction up to 2020 will be established to identify the contribution of province and national;
- RAN-GRK Secretariat is formulating Monitoring Evaluation Reporting (MER) system to monitor MRV before national MRV established in referring to PP 39/2009 on RPJMN MONEV;
- RAD-GRK could be prepared also in English version to invite possible cooperation with concerned donor agencies.
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